Small or Light Planes.
Small/light aircraft are those with a gross take-off weight of 12,500 lb (5,670 kg) or less. Bi-planes are covered on a different page, so only monoplanes are included in this section.
The many uses of light aircraft include aerial surveying, they are also used for light cargo operations, as well as some passenger operations. Primary flight instruction is also conducted in light aircraft. Finally, most personal aircraft are light aircraft, the most popular being the Cessna 172 . Larger light aircraft, such as twin turboprops and very light jets are often used as business aircraft.
Many light aircraft are used commercially for passenger and freight transport, sightseeing, photography, and other similar roles as well as personal use.
Examples of light aircraft include:
- Cessna, the entire range of propeller-driven aircraft from the Cessna 120 up through the Cessna 208.
- Piper, all models
- Beechcraft, the models such as the Beechcraft Bonanza and Beechcraft Baron that are not jet propelled.
- Aircraft that are at the maximum gross takeoff weight for this category include the de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter and Beechcraft B200 Super King Air.
Cessna AircraftThe Cessna Aircraft Company is an American general aviation aircraft manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas. Best known for small, piston-powered aircraft, Cessna also produces business jets.
|Cessna 210 Turbo|
high-wing, single piston engined, six-seat utility aircraft
|Cessna 206 Stationair 6|
Beechcraft Corporation is an American manufacturer of general aviation and military aircraft, ranging from light single-engined aircraft to twin-engined turboprop transports, and military trainers. The best known Beech aircraft, the single-engined Bonanza has been manufactured in various models since 1947. The Bonanza has had the longest production run of any airplane, past or present, in the world. Other important Beech aircraft are the King Air/Super King Air line of twin-engined turboprops, in production since 1964, the Baron, a twin-engined variant of the Bonanza
|Beech 100 King Air|
|Beech B55 Baron|
|Beech Twin Bonanza|
|Beech Twin Bonanza|
|Beech 58 Baron|
|Beech 58 Baron|
The Auster J/5 Autocar was a 1940s British single-engined four-seat high-wing touring monoplane built by Auster Aircraft Limited
The de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver is a single-engined, high-wing, propeller-driven, STOL aircraft , primarily known as a bush plane. It is used for cargo and passenger hauling.
The Falkland Is stamp shows the Beaver dropping mail.
The de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter is a Canadian 19-passenger STOL (Short Takeoff and Landing) utility aircraft developed by de Havilland Canada. The aircraft's fixed tricycle undercarriage, STOL abilities and high rate of climb have made it a successful cargo, regional passenger airliner and MEDEVAC. In addition, the Twin Otter has been popular with commercial skydiving operations, and is used by the United States Army parachute Team and the United States Air forces's 98th Flying training Squadron.
|Stamp issued to commemorate 75th Anniversary of Bleriot's crossing of English Channel|
British Aircraft Swallow proved robust and safe, was popular in service. The majority were sold to private owners or flying schools.
The Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander is a 1960s British light utility aircraft,regional airliner and cargo aircraft designed and originally manufactured by Britten-Norman of the UK. The oversize tires on this twin engine piston aircraft make landing at off-airport locations a breeze. No runway? No problem! Not only will it carry a full load into a short strip, but it does it with room to spare. The fuselage, which has a conventional tail unit and fixed tricycle landing gear, will usually accommodate one pilot and up to nine passengers.
The Trislander is an 18 seat three engined piston powered civilian utility aircraft. It was a further development of Britten-Norman's better-known Islander aircraft in order to give it a larger carrying capacity. In comparison with the Islander, the Trislander has a stretched fuselage, strengthened, fixed tricycle landing gear and a third engine on the fuselage centre line atop the fin. The Trislander has exceptional low speed handling characteristics, extended endurance, increased payload, low noise signature and economical operating costs. Capable of taking off from a 492 yards long landing strip, the Trislander can readily operate from unprepared surfaces.
Caudron C.530 'Rafale'Two-seater sports. First flight 26 June 1934
Low-wing monoplane. Wooden construction, canvas lining.
Embraer EMB-121 Xingu
The Embraer EMB 121 Xingu (pronounced "shingoo") is a twin-turboprop fixed-wing aircraft built by the Brazilian aircraft manufacturer,Embraer. The design of this plane is based on the EMB 110, using its wing and engine design merged with an all-new fuselage. With maximum take-offweight of 12,500 lbs it is at the top end of small/light aircraft.
Only one aircraft (YR-ACS), designated the Comercial, was built. Later, it was modified with a cabin rearranged for five passengers and two luggage compartments. Also, the engine was replaced with a 300 hp (224 kW) Lorraine-Dietrich Mizar 47. The aircraft was used on domestic routes of the Romanian state airline LARES (Liniile aeriene române exploatate cu statul), in 1936-1940.
Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG, more commonly Junkers, was a major German aircraft manufacturer. It produced some of the world's most innovative and best-known airplanes over the course of its fifty-plus year history in Dessau, Germany. It was founded by Hugo Junker During World War I, and following the war, the company became famous for its pioneering all-metal aircraft. During World War II the company produced some of the most successful Luftwaffe planes, as well as piston and jet aircraft engines.
The Junkers F.13 was the world's first all-metal transport aircraft, developed in Germany at the end of World War I. The F.13 was a very advanced aircraft when built, an aerodynamically clean all-metal low-wing cantilever (without external bracing) monoplane. Even later in the 1920s, it and other Junkers types were unusual as unbraced monoplanes in a biplane age, with only Fokker's designs of comparable modernity. It was the world's first all-metal passenger aircraft and Junkers' first commercial aircraft. Over 300 were sold. Behind the single engine was a semi-enclosed cockpit for the crew, roofed but without side glazing. There was an enclosed and heated cabin for four passengers with windows and doors in the fuselage sides. Passenger seats were fitted with seat belts, unusual for the time.
Junkers Ju 52
The Junkers Ju 52 was a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1932 to 1945. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s. In a civilian role, it flew with over twelve air carriers including Swissair and Deutsche Luft Hansa as an airliner and freight hauler. In a military role, it flew with the Luftwaffe as a troop and cargo transport and briefly as a medium bomber. The Ju 52 continued in postwar service with military and civilian air fleets well into the 1980s.
Junkers W 33
The Junkers W 33 was a singled-engine transport aircraft. It was aerodynamically and structurally advanced for its time, a clean, low-wing all-metal cantilever monoplane. It is remembered in aviation history for the first east–west non-stop heavier-than-air crossing of the Atlantic. Almost 200 were produced.